Ideas archive


Health benefits of a low-carbon future in Toronto

[An IndEco project report]
Toronto is embarking on TransformTO, a program to look at ways of getting to 80% reduction in GHG emissions by 2050 relative to 1990. Toronto Public Health engaged IndEco to review the literature on potential co-benefits and co-harms. [read more]


North Bay first in Ontario to convert all streetlights to LEDs

[An IndEco article]
North Bay and it's municipally owned electricity distribution utility, North Bay Hydro, have been demonstrating leadership in energy conservation. IndEco has been working closely with North Bay Hydro on strategic energy conservation initiatives since 2007. [read more]

Stepping up to the Conservation First challenge

[An IndEco article]
What does the challenge mean for Ontario's electricity distributors, and how might they respond. An article from the EDA's The Distributor magazine. [read more]


A guide to preparing conservation and demand management plans

[An IndEco article]
On November 12, 2013 the Ontario Ministry of Energy released a guide to preparing conservation and demand management plans. This guide prepared by IndEco provides assistance to public agencies in Ontario in developing corporate energy plans in accordance with Regualtion 397/11 of the Green Energy Act. [read more]

Active transportation and community health in CBRM

[An IndEco project report]
IndEco worked with Cape Breton Regional Municipality and a multi-stakeholder Project Steering Committee to help the municipality secure additional resources and support for active transportation. [read more]

LDCs may get big lost revenue claims, even if behind on CDM targets

[An IndEco article]
Ontario electricity utilities (LDCs) are required to comply with new regulatory requirements for recovering lost revenue from offering conservation programs for their customers. IndEco can help LDCs meet these requirements and find ways to claim lost revenues that might otherwise be missed. [read more]

City of Barrie Corporate energy management plan

[An IndEco project report]
IndEco developed a six-year energy plan for the City of Barrie, in compliance with Regulation 397/11. The portfolio of technological actions included in the plan would yield a 43% internal rate of return. [read more]

Smart grid consumer engagement

[An IndEco project report]
How can utilities gain consumers' support and participation in smart grid initiatives? This report for Natural Resources Canada identifies success factors for smart grid consumer engagement, with examples from ten North American utilities. [read more]


Road to health: Improving walking and cycling in Toronto

[An IndEco project report]
The report demonstrates the economic value of physical activity from walking and cycling, and highlights opportunities for Toronto to learn from other North American cities. [read more]

IndEco develops energy engagement program training manual for NRCan

[An IndEco project report]
The manual provides a template for designing and implementing a program for any type of building. It will be used in Quebec, initially. [read more]

IndEco's University Health Network energy plan featured in ACEEE paper

[An IndEco project report]
The plan is one of the case studies in "Greening Work Styles: An Analysis of Energy Behavior Programs in the Workplace," a paper by Shui Bin, published in January 2012. [read more]

Social media to promote energy efficiency

[An IndEco project report]
Social media provide a new and exciting opportunity to engage customers and to increase the dialogue between energy efficiency program deliverers and participants, if done effectively. [read more]


BC and Quebec: Canadian leaders in energy efficiency spending

[An IndEco project report]
In a recent review of customer energy efficiency programs across Canada undertaken by IndEco on behalf of the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador (GNL), it was discovered that some provinces are spending significantly more per capita than other provinces. [read more]


New performance incentive for LDCs' conservation initiatives (Updated)

[An IndEco article]
An overview of the incentives being proposed for conservation and demand management by Ontario electricity distributors for savings realized between 2011 and 2014. [read more]

OEB initiatives relating to low-income customers

[An IndEco article]
The OEB has responded to the Minister of Energy and Infrastructure's July 5th letter with a set of actions related to low-income energy customers. These actions directly relate to the three areas of the Low-Income Energy Assistance Program (LEAP): emergency financial assistance, customer service rules, and targeted conservation and demand side management programs to low-income customers of electricity and natural gas distributors. [read more]

Revenue decoupling for utilities offering demand side management programs

[An IndEco article]
A very brief overview of revenue decoupling. [read more]

Work to resume on province-wide low income programs

[An IndEco article]
On July 5th, 2010 the Minister of Energy and Infrastructure issued a letter to the OPA and a letter to the OEB on province-wide low-income conservation and demand management (CDM) programs. [read more]

Highlights from the CDM Code and OEB letter on CDM targets

[An IndEco article]
The Ontario Energy Board (OEB) issued the Conservation and Demand Management Code (CDM Code) on September 16th, 2010. [read more]

IndEco prepares energy management plan for the Toronto Discovery District

[An IndEco article]
This plan represents a coordinated and integrated approach to energy management, renewable energy generation, and district energy. [read more]

The LDC's role in CDM: The new CDM Code

[An IndEco article]
What does Ontario's Green Energy Act mean for electricity distribution companies delivering conservation and demand management programs? [read more]


New province-wide low-income energy conservation program

[An IndEco project report]
In March 2009 the Ontario Energy Board formed a multi-sectoral working group to develop an energy conservation program for low-income customers. IndEco facilitated the working group sessions and the program’s guiding principles and framework are described. [read more]

IndEco prepares energy management plans for University Health Network (UHN) hospitals

[An IndEco project report]
IndEco, as part of our role as project manager of UHN’s comprehensive energy management and engagement program — TLC, Care to Conserve — has prepared energy management plans for UHN’s three hospitals: Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto General Hospital and Princess Margaret Hospital. [read more]

Employment associated with conservation in Ontario

[An IndEco project report]
IndEco, in association with Econometric Research Limited, estimated net employment and other macro-economic impacts associated with the Ontario Power Authority's Integrated Power System Plan. The report also reviews other recent reports looking at energy conservation and employment and critically analyses their methodology. [read more]


Industry-regulator dialogue on energy efficiency/demand side management

[An IndEco project report]
IndEco's report on the dialogue outlines key lessons learned on three issues: the appropriate regulatory model for energy efficiency/demand side management (EE/DSM), measuring EE/DSM success, and the role of rate design in EE/DSM. Key topics for future discussions on EE/DSM are also presented. [read more]

The key role that LDCs play in CDM in Ontario

[An IndEco article]
An article from the EDA's The Distributor on conservation and demand management programs and savings. [read more]


Declining average customer use of natural gas: Issues and options

[An IndEco project report]
The Canadian Gas Association retained IndEco Strategic Consulting Inc. in June 2006 to explore at a high level the nature and extent of the decline in gas usage across Canadian natural gas utilities, to identify implications of this decline and to assess options for managing its negative consequences on the gas utilities. This paper documents the research and findings of this work. [read more]

What is the energy drill?

[An IndEco article]
IndEco has been working with the Toronto Catholic District School Board, the Halton Public School Board, the Halton Catholic District School Board, Milton Hydro, Toronto Hydro, and a team of dedicated principals, teachers, caretakers and young men and women on a program to reduce electricity demand in schools based on triggers for temperature, air quality, market price of electricity, and public appeals to conserve. One component of the project was the creation of the website. [read more]

IndEco reports results from LDC conservation efforts in 2006

[An IndEco project report]
IndEco reports on energy savings from conservation programs offered by Ontario electricity distribution companies. [read more]


What is the appropriate role for electricity distributors in conservation?

[An IndEco project report]
IndEco developed recommendations for the future role of local electricity distribution companies in energy efficiency programs. The Options Paper addresses the level of funding for conservation, the appropriate role of distributors in conservation and the source of funding for their conservation initiatives. [read more]

Designing a successful natural gas DSM regulatory framework

[An IndEco article]
In this article that originally appeared in the Spring 2006 issue of Canadian Natural Gas, five common elements to successful natural gas DSM regulatory frameworks are identified. [read more]

Low-income program concepts developed for Ontario’s Conservation Bureau

[An IndEco project report]
IndEco has designed three low-income energy conservation program concepts for the Conservation Bureau as part of a province-wide low-income energy conservation retrofit initiative. [read more]

Making Ontario's social housing stock more energy efficient

[An IndEco project report]
As part of a province-wide low-income energy conservation retrofit initiative, IndEco designed three program concepts for the Conservation Bureau of the Ontario Power Authority, including a program concept for social housing. As an initial step in implementing these concepts, the Conservation ... [read more]


Canadian natural gas distribution utilities' best practices in demand side management

[An IndEco project report]
On behalf of the Canadian Gas Association (CGA), IndEco and Bruce Vernon & Associates conducted a primary research project into DSM best practices among CGA’s natural gas utility members across Canada. Excerpts from the executive summary of the project report are provided, along with a copy of the full report. [read more]

Conservation and demand management by Ontario electric utilities in 2006 and beyond

[An IndEco project report]
IndEco has been assisting the Canadian Energy Efficiency Alliance in arguing for how conservation and demand management programs ought to be integrated into the framework the Ontario Energy Board is establishing for electric local distribution companies to set their rates for 2006. The Alliance's recommendations include: allowing the LDCs to set a budget based on their gross revenues, providing a lost revenue adjustment mechanism, and an incentive for realizing effective programs [read more]


Brantford Power conservation and demand management plan

[An IndEco project report]
IndEco recently assisted Brantford Power in developing their conservation and demand management plan for 2005. [read more]

Regulatory frameworks for demand side management

[An IndEco project report]
An article reviewing two recent reports by IndEco and Navigant Consulting on frameworks for energy demand side management. The first looks at the regulatory framework for DSM in North American gas utilities, the second outlines a proposed framework for DSM in Ontario, which is considering how to introduce DSM into the electricity sectors, and whether the gas DSM framework should be changed concurrently. [read more]

Developing a low income energy conservation & assistance strategy for Ontario

[An IndEco project report]
On behalf of the Toronto Environmental Alliance (TEA), IndEco developed a report which provides recommendations for an overall model for low income energy programs in Ontario. This report was commissioned by the Toronto Environmental Alliance (TEA) in response to a request by the Minister of Energy. [read more]

Demand side management in North American gas utilities

[An IndEco project report]
A survey of North American gas utilities revealed a great diversity in the frameworks under which utilities offer DSM; jurisdictions define their DSM frameworks to meet the needs of their situation, and the needs of their utilities. [read more]


Development of a greenhouse gas reduction plan for the University of Toronto 

[An IndEco article]
Raegan Bunker of IndEco is coordinating and producing a business plan for a GHG Reduction Plan for the University of Toronto, in collaboration with the University's Environmental Protection Advisory Committee. The objective of the project is to develop a business plan that will facilitate the acquisition of significant funding for the full development and implementation of the GHG Plan. [read more]

Capacity building for climate change in Cuba

[An IndEco project report]
Report on a project to facilitate the Cuban government’s efforts to integrate climate change into its broader institutional, policy and national goals and programs, while focusing specifically on the development of sector specific action, awareness, and adaptation strategies through the development and implementation of strategic planning exercises and training modules. [read more]

Connecting P2, EMS and regulatory affairs management - a case study of the distilled spirits industry

[An IndEco article]
This paper explores the connections between pollution prevention (P2), environmental management systems (EMS) and regulatory affairs management in industry, using a case study from the distilled spirits sector. [read more]

Milton Hydro DSM Plan for 2003

[An IndEco project report]
Milton Hydro has a plan for Demand Side Management developed jointly by IndEco, Fraser & Company and Milton Hydro. A key first step was mandating that all new homes have interval meters. [read more]


Transforming your practice: Integrated design charrettes for sustainable buildings

[An IndEco project report]
On behalf of Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, The City of Toronto Energy Efficiency Office, Enbridge Consumers Gas, and the Energy Efficiency Alliance, IndEco organized a 1-1/2 day design charette for design professionals on sustainable buildings. Teams of designers worked on designs for a specific development site that met aggressive performance targets. The report on the charette is attached. [read more]

Development and implementation of the City of Toronto’s Environmental Management System

[An IndEco article]
Toronto's development and implementation of its Environmental Management System is described in a paper prepared for the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable Conference in Portland Oregon, 2-5 April 2002. [read more]


Calculating Eco-efficiency Indicators: Workbook for Industry

[An IndEco project report]
The National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy has published a workbook for industry on calculating eco-efficiency indicators prepared by IndEco and Carol Burnham Consulting. The workbook describes considerations and methods for core indicators for water, energy and waste, and discusses some complementary indicators. [read more]

EA waste approval without need for a hearing is possible

[An IndEco project report]
It is possible to obtain an environmental assessment approval, even one for a waste incinerator, without a time-consuming public hearing. KMS-Peel of Brampton recently won approval for expanding their EFW facility earlier than the legislated deadline for the approval decision. The key was an effective public consultation program, and the ability to demonstrate positive environmental benefits. [read more]

The City of Toronto's environmental management system: An implementation strategy

[An IndEco project report]
IndEco worked with the City of Toronto’s Environmental Planning & Support Group to develop an implementation strategy for an Environmental Management System (EMS) for the City of Toronto. The final project report recommends a three-year action plan to move the City forward on implementing an EMS, based on the outcomes of the major project components— an EMS training workshop, a series of staff interviews and a strategic planning session. [read more]


Valuing the environment: Some practical use examples

[An IndEco project report]
Reviews several approaches to estimating environmental value, and applies these to landfills and transportation [read more]

Modelling environment-economy relationships

[An IndEco project report]
This paper presents an overview of a framework for addressing environment-economy linkages. The framework is based on the use of a modified regional input-output economy for Ontario. The modifications allow estimation of various environmental parameters, including emissions. [read more]

Tradeable permits for beverage containers

[An IndEco article]
Why not use tradeable permits to encourage the reuse of beverage containers? [read more]


Overcoming barriers to an LCA

[An IndEco article]
A review of some of the reasons for difficulties with life-cycle assessments and preliminary steps that might be taken to overcome them. Addressed are LCA purpose, scope, data sources and quality issues. [read more]

Companies volunteered for ISO 14000 program

[An IndEco article]
A new age of 'volunteerism' relating to environmental management systems (EMS) and ISO 14001 is dawning, spearheaded by the courts and by innovative government action. Certain environmental management requirements being imposed exceed 14001 requirements. [read more]

The future of Ontario's bluebox program

[An IndEco article]
Will the Minister and his Cabinet colleagues be endorsing municipal requests for deposit-return systems in Ontario? Read this article we published in October 1998 which examines options that would shift responsibilities for beverage containers from municipal coffers back to producers and consumers, where they were for decades. [read more]

Integrated environmental information management

[An IndEco article]
To move towards sustainability, mining companies ought to look carefully at how they manage environmental information. [read more]


From waste management to knowledge management

[An IndEco article]
Sustainable materials management requires that industries shift their focus from managing "waste" to managing knowledge of the uses and flows of materials in industrial systems. [read more]


Sustainable consumption and production in Canada

[An IndEco project report]
Three background papers we prepared for an Environment Canada workshop on Sustainable Consumption and Production. The papers address product environmental management, sustainable consumption, and design for sustainability. [read more]

Using market forces to eliminate toxic substances

[An IndEco article]
An overview of Economic Instruments for the Virtual Elimination of Persistent Toxic Substances in the Great Lakes Basin, a report prepared for the IJC. David Heeney was project manager for the assignment, Peter Boyer of IJC wrote the article. [read more]


Effective public participation: Some "whys" and "hows" for regulators

[An IndEco article]
Addresses what effective public participation is, its benefits, and how we might achieve it. It also focuses on some of the experiences of the Ontario Energy Board and the lessons learned. [read more]


"True cost" pricing: practices, options and implications for municipalities

[An IndEco article]
Widespread belief that waste disposal is undervalued and is therefore undermining 3R efforts is not supported by a review of disposal costs and tipping fees. Existing and replacement landfills are still quite inexpensive, and though some tipping fees will need to rise, others will not if the full cost of waste management services is to be recovered from waste generators. Reduction, reuse and recycling need to be promoted for their contributions to resource management, not waste management. [read more]

Greening the natural gas industry

[An IndEco article]
The Ontario Energy Board has focussed its efforts to "green" the Ontario natural gas utilities that it regulates in two main ways: through improvements to the Board’s environmental guidelines, and through the initiation of demand-side management plans by the utilities. Each of these are discussed. [read more]

Social, economic and environmental benefits from the restoration, enhancement and protection of ecosystems

[An IndEco project report]
This article summarizes the experience of IndEco in developing a framework for directing ecosystem restoration toward the attainment of sustainable development potential and other benefits, and the application of this framework in two case studies. [read more]